The Long Haul: Risks Associated with Livestock Transport
A Meat and Dairy Industries Article from


Michael Greger, MD
February 2011

Reprinted with permission from Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science, Volume 5, Number 4, 2007 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., DOI: 10.1089/bsp.2007.0028 e

In the United States, more than 50 million live cattle, sheep and pigs, and an unknown number of the more than 9 billion chickens, turkeys, and other birds raised for food, are annually traded across state lines. Before they are slaughtered, U.S. livestock [individual animals] may travel an average of 1,000 miles.

These factors and activities may have undesirable animal and public health implications.

Read the entire report/PDF for further details on Stressors, Epizootics, Zoonoses, Bioterrorism, Twenty-eight Hour Law, Mail-order Chickens.

Return to The Meat and Diary Industries
Return to Animal Rights Articles

Animal Slaughter Kill Counter:

Number of animals killed in the world by the fishing, meat, dairy and egg industries, since you opened this webpage.

0 marine animals
0 chickens
0 ducks
0 pigs
0 rabbits
0 turkeys
0 geese
0 sheep
0 goats
0 cows / calves
0 rodents
0 pigeons/other birds
0 buffaloes
0 dogs
0 cats
0 horses
0 donkeys and mules
0 camels / camelids